Types & Causes of Hair Loss

Why Is My Hair Falling Out?

Is hair loss stressing you out? You’re not alone, 25% of people experience hair loss by age 25. Various factors play a role in hair and scalp health, which can also contribute to your hair loss.

For over 35 years, we’ve treated 100,000 happy clients and each one is unique. Clients with similar visible hair loss patterns cannot receive identical treatment. To successfully treat each individual, we must first get to the root cause of the client’s hair loss. That’s why our initial assessment is so essential to your treatment plan. If we don’t know what’s causing your hair to thin or fall out, we can’t effectively target the right treatment protocol.

There are many possible causes for thinning hair and hair loss. In our practice, the vast majority present with either telogen effluvium (TE), hair thinning all over the scalp, or androgenetic alopecia, hereditary hair loss, most often at the hair line or crown. Our hair specialists work with clients as young as their teens and twenties.

Harklinikken categorizes hair loss into four basic types:

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Physiological Causes Of Hair Loss

Hair health is closely tied to your physical and emotional wellbeing. There are various lifestyle and environmental causes that play a role in hair thinning and hair loss:

  1. Nutrition/diet
  2. Stress
  3. Damage from styling products. coloring or perms
  4. Hair extensions
  5. Straightening irons and blow-dryers

Chronic stress is another common cause of telogen effluvium (TE), where hair follicles go into a resting phase and shed hair rather than continuing to grow it. Inadequate nutrition can also cause TE, in which hair thins all over the scalp, though not always evenly. Small changes can go a long way to improve your hair health.

Hair Loss As A Symptom Of Illness

Hair loss can be a symptom of underlying disease. Autoimmune diseases can cause the body to create antibodies against the hair. This rejection from the inside out can result in bare spots (alopecia areata) or even total baldness (alopecia totalis).

Other diseases such as metabolic disorders, thyroid conditions, eating disorders, alcoholism/drug addiction and others damage organs, causing external signs in the skin, nails and hair. If you are noticing significant hair loss, it may be a sign of a behavioral or medical issue that needs to be addressed.

Hair Loss As A Drug Side Effect

Medication intake is a frequent cause of hair loss. Chemotherapy for cancer treatment is one of the pharmaceutical causes for hair loss. More common drugs, such as birth control pills, can also cause hair loss as a side effect.

Be sure to check warning labels and talk to your doctor/pharmacist before starting a drug treatment regimen or if you notice any alarming changes during your treatment.

Hereditary Causes Of Hair Loss

The most common cause of hair loss is genetics. Hereditary hair loss is commonly referred to as male pattern baldness, female pattern baldness, or androgenetic alopecia. These types of hair loss are nearly as common in women as in men, but the hair loss patterns may present differently. Hereditary hair loss includes:

1. Mild androgenic alopecia

As a person ages, some of the hair follicles can “shrink.” As the follicles shrink, the hair strands diminish in quality. The likelihood of regrowth for this type of hair loss is good. You may have enough healthy hair follicles to use a custom regimen of Harklinikken hair regrowth treatment.

2. Advanced androgenic alopecia

This is a more serious stage of hereditary hair loss. In the advanced stage, hair follicles shrink so significantly that they are no longer able to sustain hair growth. Advanced androgenic alopecia is a very common occurrence in men. In fact, most men will be affected by advanced hereditary hair loss at some point in their lives.

In the most severe cases of advanced androgenic alopecia, large areas of the scalp are affected by shrunken follicles. Many men lose all or most of the hair at the crown, but retain full hair around the sides (sometimes called a “monk wreath”). This pattern is typical of classic advanced androgenic alopecia in men.

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